IFAN Archives, Dakar
Global Histories of Education and Science
Europe-Africa, 19th-20th centuries
WELCOME TO MY WEBSITE!
I have been researching the history of Europe and colonial Africa in a global perspective, with a focus on education, childhood and science.
I studied at the University of Geneva, the Ecole Normale Supérieure (as Pensionnaire étranger) and the Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris. After receiving my PhD in history from the University of Geneva and the EHESS, I have held visiting positions in the Universities of Heidelberg, Paris 1, Sciences Po Paris and Oxford. Between 2016 and 2019, I was a SNF Ambizione Fellow at the Institute of Political Studies of the University of Lausanne, as well as the co-Director of the Centre of International History and Political Studies of Globalization (2017-2019). In 2015-2016 and 2019-2021, I was a Research and Teaching Fellow at the Department of History of the University of Geneva. Since 2021, I hold a permanent position as Senior Research Associate and Lecturer at the Archives Institut Jean Jacques Rousseau, a research unit of the University of Geneva.
My first book – L’école républicaine et l’étranger (2015) – explores the wide range of transnational circulations and exchanges that shaped French school reforms in the second half of the 19th century. This research has been awarded the Louis Cros Prize in 2013 and the ISCHE First Book Award in 2017.
I am currently working on three research projects. The first one focuses on colonial education and aims to provide a connected history of imperial and international development policies in French Africa (1945-1961). A new monograph, tentatively entitled Éduquer à la fin des empires. La France et l’Unesco en Afrique coloniale, 1945-1961, is forthcoming. The second project explores the history of trans-imperial scientific cooperation in colonial Africa (1920s-1960s). It will highlight how institutions such as the Scientific Council for Africa and the Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa South of the Sahara shaped new research practices and discourses in an age of imperial crisis, especially in the fields of human/natural sciences and locust control. The third project aims at decentering the “sciences of childhood” by examining the construction and circulation of knowledge between the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute, based in Geneva, and countries of the Global South (Brazil, Cameroon, Turkey) in the first half of the 20th century.
Get in touch: email@example.com
Very glad to take part at this exciting seminar. I will present the first results of my « Locusta project ».
See my contribution to the Encyclopédie d’histoire numérique de l’Europe, available online
« Les organisations internationales et l’éducation en contexte (post)colonial », Encyclopédie d’histoire numérique de l’Europe, 2021.
This new article provides a comparative analysis on the way the intellectual project of “histoire mondiale” has been tought and implemented in various national contexts.
« L’histoire mondiale: un modèle historiographique en question », Revue suisse d’histoire, vol. 71, no 2, 2021, pp. 333-346.
Proud to be part of this new collective project, Humanity internationalized: cases, dynamics and comparisons (1945-1980), coordinated by José Pedro Monteiro and hosted by the Centre for Social Studies of the University of Coimbra (2021-2024).
Humanity internationalized: cases, dynamics, and comparisons (1945-1980) (HINT) is an international project that will scrutinize the ways in which humanitarian andH human rights arguments, norms and policies became an institutionalized topic of international affairs, connected to decolonization. This will be done in different chronologies and in relation to distinct colonial and post-colonial geographies and trajectories, considering diverse international institutions (governmental and non-governmental). HINT is based on multiple archives, and is comparative in nature. It will encourage international scientific cooperation, while enhancing the knowledge and competencies of the national scientific system. HINT engages with two of the most important ongoing scholarly debates in international historiography. First, the one about the historical connections between imperial and colonial dynamics, and their markers of coercion, discrimination and inequality, and the internationalization and institutionalization of humanitarian and human rights regimes. Second, the one about the interdependence between the histories of international organizations and of European late colonialism and decolonization. HINT will do so by assessing, in a comparative way, the various dynamics of internationalization of particular events and processes taking place in colonial contexts that shaped the emergence and historical evolution of humanitarian and human rights regimes – distinct but entangled phenomena –, evaluating as well some related post-colonial manifestations. These processes of internationalization were frequently anticolonial in nature, but they also entailed projects of imperial resilience, both sides being duly analyzed by the project. HINT will be empirically and analytically anchored in specific cases that became the object of systematic interest in international organizations.
More information here.
This themed issue of Paedagogica Historica explores the historical interconnections between internationalism and imperialism in colonial and postcolonial Africa.
Internationalism, Imperialism, and Education in Africa: Connected Histories, Paedagogica Historica. International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 57, no 3, 2021.
Articles by Damiano Matasci, Constantin Katsakioris, Anton Tarradellas and Tim Kaiser. Available here
2021 LAUSANNE CONFERENCE
The final programme of the international conference Internationalism(s) and Education during the Cold War. Actors, Rivalries and Circulations (Lausanne, June 23-25, 2021) is now available.
The event is open to the public upon previous registration.
NEW SPECIAL ISSUE
I am the co-editor of this special issue of the Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History (with Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo):
Imperialism, Internationalism and Globalisation in Twentieth Century Africa
Articles by Marta Grzechnik (University of Gdańsk), Geert Castryck (University of Leipzig), Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo (University of Coimbra), Matthew Unangst (Jacksonville University), Lola Wilhelm (University of Geneva), Damiano Matasci (University of Geneva), José Pedro Monteiro (University of Coimbra), Andrea Brazzoduro (University of Oxford)
Have a look at my two articles, available here:
« Imperialism, Internationalism and Globalization in Twentieth Century Africa », The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, vol. 48, no 5, 2020, pp. 793-804 (with Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo).
« Internationalizing Colonial Knowledge. Edgar Barton Worthington and the Scientific Council for Africa, 1949-1956 », The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, vol. 48, no 5, 2020, pp. 892-913.
A new edited book is out (October 2020)!
Repenser la “mission civilisatrice”. L’éducation dans le monde colonial et postcolonial au XXe siècle
Co-edited with Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo and Hugo Gonçalves Dores. More information here.
I have just published a new article in the journal Paedagogica Historica, also avalaible online. It focuses on the intersections between education, development and internationalism in French colonial Africa
Réformer l’Empire: éducation de base et développement en Afrique coloniale française (1945–1956)
(ahead of print, August 2020)
NEW SPECIAL ISSUE
I am the co-editor (with Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps) of this special issue of the French Journal Histoire@Politique (no. 41, 2020):
De la « mission civilisatrice » à l’aide au développement dans les pays du Sud: acteurs, pratiques et reconfigurations au XXe siècle
Contributions of Bertrand Taithe, Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo, Eleanor Davey, Angela Villani, Juliette Dumont, Yi-Tang Lin, José Pedro Monteiro, Lucile Dreidemy, Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Damiano Matasci
All articles are open access. Link
NEW BOOK CHAPTER
« Um paradigma para o desenvolvimento: a « educação de base » e os limites da cooperação internacional na África colonial (1945-49) », in Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo, José Pedro Monteiro (eds.), Os Impérios do Internacional: casos, dinâmicas e perspectivas, Coimbra, Edições Almedina, 2020, pp. 275-296.
More information here
NEW BOOK (Open Access)
Education and Development in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa. Policies, Paradigms, Entanglements
Cham, Palgrave Macmillan, “ISCHE Global Histories of Education series”, 2020.
Co-editor with Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo and Hugo Gonçalves Dores.
Thanks to the support of the Swiss National Science Foundation this book is available in open access.
NEW SPECIAL ISSUE
Humanités et citoyenneté. L’enseignement des lettres et des langues en France, en Belgique et en Suisse au XIXe siècle
Histoire de l’éducation, no 149 (2018, but published in 2019).
Co-editor with Mara Donato di Paola.
NEW BOOK CHAPTER!
« (De)Constructing the Global Community: Education, Childhood and the Transnational History of International Organizations », in Fuchs, Eckhardt, Vera, Eugenia Roldán (eds.), The Transnational in the History of Education. Concepts and Perspectives, Palgrave MacMillan, 2019.
Book launch at the University of Porto on July 18, 2019.